Clay's Kochab's Clock
Polar Alignment Method
For The German Equatorial Mount
This is a very simple method of achieving a very precise polar alignment with the LXD75 mount using the polar scope. This method will work well for any German Equatorial Mount having a polar scope installed in the mount. There a few key points to cover to insure you achieve the best possible alignment using this method to align your mount.
1.) Be sure you have collimated/aligned your polar scope to the R.A.Axis of your mount. This step will insure your final Polaris position in your polar scope is very accurate.
2.) It is best to do the alignments without the OTA on the mount as this allows for the R.A. axis to be rotated the full 360 degrees that may be required to align Polaris and Kochab in a straight line. This can be done with the OTA in place provided the required angle of rotation does not cause collision issues between the mount and the OTA when attempting to achieve the initial alignment of Polaris to Kochab.
3.) Set the tripod up as you normally would, pointing the mount to magnetic north leveling as you are comfortable with. A note on leveling the GEM while technically this is not an absolute necessity with the GEM style of telescopic mount. Getting the mount setup as level as possible can save you time when doing your more precision polar alignments. Technically a GEM can be out of level and still be polar aligned, once the R.A. axis is aligned and the declination axis set to the correct latitude the mount is correctly polar aligned level or not. It is just getting to the correct alignments when your GEM is out of level takes more time & work than starting out level.
OK, now that you have covered the basics; your polar scope is
collimated; your tripod and mount are setup and ready to go (latitude set to your location) lets get started on the actual alignment procedure. Leaving the counterweights and OTA off of your mount, sit yourself in a position where you can sight along the counterweight bar to align Polaris and Kochab up in a straight line along (parallel to) the counterweight bar. Loosen the R.A. Axis clutch and turn the R.A. axis until you can achieve a straight line between Polaris and Kochab along the edge of the counterweight bar, set the clutch. Once Polaris and Kochab are lined up sight through your polar scope and use the Alt & Az adjustment bolts to bring Polaris into the small alignment circle on the polar scope cross hair. OK that's it you're done, your mount is now polar aligned! You can do a drift alignment procedure to bring your mount to the utmost alignment for long exposure photography, but I have found in my past experiences with doing the Kochab's Clock alignment on my LDX75 I need very little if any adjustment when drift aligning.
I have shot 30 60 stack images of up to 2 minute long exposures frames using this method alone without having star trailing. If your mount is well tuned and the polar scope well aligned/collimated you too will find this method to be very easy and time saving when setting up for a star gazing/imaging session. This may sound too easy or good to be true, but believe me I didn't come up with the Clay's Kochab's Clock alignment method, it's been around for a long time. This is just how I adapted it to the polar scope set up in the LXD75 and similar GEM mounts. Dr. Clay Sherrod explains what the concept is very well in his article on his method. Here's a web address where you can find his article.
I have also included some drawings of the LXD75 polar scope as it is set up in the LXD75 mount, as well as how to line everything up. To check the alignment/collimation of your polar scope simply set the tripod and mount up with out the OTA; counterweights; and counterweight bar removed. Lower the Alt adjustment and tripod in a position where your can sight a stationary ground/terrestrial target through the polar scope. Put the X of the cross hair on a marker terrestrial target; release the R.A. clutch and rotate the R.A. axis while sighting your target through the polar scope. The target should stay centered in the polar scope cross hair, if it does not your polar scope is out of alignment and you will need to align it. This is done using the 3 Allen head set screws located in the retaining collar holding the polar scope, this is also a good time to turn your polar scope cross hair so the long line with the alignment circle on it to line up straight with the counterweight bar position. Be careful when tightening the set screws the will strip relatively easily, I recommend replacing them with an after market 'thumb screw' style of collimation/alignment screw. I check my polar scope alignment about once every 3 or 4 outings and have rarely had to tune it back in.
Good Luck and Clear Skies!
The Mad One
39 47' 06" North / 85 46' 10" West
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